Reusing these equidae to move around would help, in his opinion, to reduce 25% of greenhouse gas emissions in Spain.

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Although horse transport began its decline at the beginning of the 20th century with the popularization of motor vehicles, recovering this type of route would contribute “Environmental benefits, in addition to tourism” and it would prevent this animal from ending up running “risk of extinction.”

This has been assured to Efe by several connoisseurs of the world of the horse such as the agricultural technical engineer and environmental scientist Nuria Gil, who belongs to the Agroamsa study and laments that this animal “is used less every day.” This despite the fact that Spain is the fourth country in the EU with the highest number of specimens -more than 681,000- and is on the list of the ten countries in the world with the most competitions of the International Equestrian Federation.

Reusing these equidae to move around would help, in his opinion, to reduce the 25% of greenhouse gas emissions in Spain that according to data from the Ministry of Ecological Transition come from the transport sector, although their use “does not seem very viable in cities because it is very difficult to maintain the necessary facilities and infrastructure within a city ”.

A) Yes, “the blocks cannot be less than 500 meters from the urban area and you also have to have a certain area to keep the animals “, without taking into account the problem of the manure they generate, which” cannot be applied directly to gardens due to its high level of ammonia. “

But nevertheless, its use could be extended to rural areas and “in fact, in the towns they circulate without problem” because “they do not have risks for the ecosystem: if they travel along a gravel road, the impact has already been generated and if they use new trails, their passage is better than that of a motorized vehicle”.

Transportation possibilities

It is the same opinion of Jesús Muiños, who has traveled “the Peninsula from north to south on horseback” and is currently the owner of Caminos Galicia, a company that offers the possibility of pilgrimage riding to Santiago de Compostela.

“We can travel on horseback to any point in Spain but you have to know the alternative paths, which are not well marked or advertised, to avoid cities ”where there are multiple obstacles: from the obligation to cross some with trucks to the obligation to carry a cleaning team behind them to avoid leaving excrement.

The General Traffic Regulations, which also applies to animals incorporated into traffic on common use roads, requires riders to be of legal age with the ability to control their mounts at all times and warns that they must travel on the shoulder, without being able to use highways or highways or gallop near pedestrians or other animals.

Horse care

In any case, “a horse prefers to go on a route than to be circling a track,” says the veterinarian. Teresa Gamonal, specialized in equine ethology, who recommends do not undertake long-distance trips Unless the animal “is trained, is at least 5 years old and the march includes materials adapted to avoid scratching it” as wounds may take time to heal.

Muiños confirms this point by assuring that “an injury caused by the horse’s saddle may take a month to heal, while tendinitis will take a year“.

That is why the experience of the rider is important when considering a trip since “the way someone who has just started to sit is going to be much harder for the animal” and may suffer your weight more than that of an experienced person, says Gamonal.

The vet adds that with a horse you can travel between 15 and 25 kilometers a day going to the pass, in journeys of between 6 and 8 hours, “depending on the slope of the terrain” but it is advisable to alternate riding with walking beside him.