Throughout this year there have been many scientific discoveries carried out nationally and internationally. In EL ESPAÑOL we have tried to echo all the possible ones, although some of them have escaped our magnifying glass.
The new function of the lungs
In addition to serving to breathe, the lungs have been shown to contribute to the creation of blood cells -platelets-, in fact they produce 10 million platelets per hour, most of these cells in the human body as published in Nature.
It is mathematically possible to build a real time machine
However, currently, the technology and materials necessary to withstand the physical doubling of the fabric of space-time are lacking. But, in theory, it can be done according to a work published in Classical and Quantum Gravity
In Siberia the permafrost is melting
This is leaving a crater called “the gateway to the underworld.” In turn, there are ancient forests that are being exposed to the outside for the first time in 200,000 years, and various geological phenomena have been happening since last year.
Semi-synthetic organisms already exist among us
These have been created artificially by means of extended DNA, using six letters instead of the four known until now. Although this type of DNA has been known since 2014.
Now you can spray a material and make it completely opaque
Vantablack, the darkest material in the world, can already be used in the form of a spray from this year.
There is a new state of matter
A new human organ has been classified
Although it was previously known, it had not been classified as such until now: it is the mesentery.
There is a single giant neuron
It appears to cover the brain of mammals, such as mice. Its function is suspected to be related to the awareness of these animals.
The Tasmanian tiger has been seen again in Australia
The last living specimen of this species is believed to have died in a zoo 80 years ago, and has never been seen again until now.
The appendix is not a useless evolutionary holdover
According to recent research, the appendix could have a defensive biological function, forming part of the immune system – and therefore we still have it.
The dinosaur family tree could be wrong
Polycystic ovary syndrome could start in the brain
Thus, the origin of this gynecological disorder would not be in the ovaries, as had always been thought.
There is a whole new eighth continent
It is called Zealandia and it would be the eighth and also the smallest of all the continents.
A new geological epoch has been established
Humans have caused a major geological impact on Earth, leading to a new geological epoch as a result of the novel distribution of minerals they caused. The period is called the Anthropocene.
Narwhals, the unicorns of the sea, use their horns for hunting
It is the last of the numerous described functions of this species of tusk or horn that protrudes from the head of these cetaceans.