These are the gems of science that have been paid the most at an auction house.

An Einstein manuscript is the most expensive object to date.

One of Da Vinci’s codes, the Book The Indians of America or a treatise on fruit trees are among the scientific objects by which more money has been paid in the history of auctions. For decades, fans of science and history have bid high for some of these documents, which are of enormous value. These are the ten most valuable:

10. The ‘Atlas Doria’

The Atlas Doria dates from 1570 and compiles 186 maps both printed and made by hand. Commissioned by Andrea d’Oria, a Genoese admiral who was first in the service of King Francis I of France and then Charles I of Spain, this Atlas was auctioned in London in 2005 for 1,464,000 pounds which, changed into euros and adjusting for inflation, they exceed the Two millions of euros.

Price: 1,464,000 pounds

Current price: 2,146,784 euros.

9. ‘The Portulan Atlas’ by Battista Agnese

The Atlas Portulano de Battista Agnese, an outstanding Genoese cartographer, It is composed of 15 sheets double page on parchment and represents the known world in the mid-sixteenth century together with two maps of the northern and southern hemispheres. Dated in 1546, one of the most characteristic features of this work are the lines that mark the Magellan-Elcano route on his trip around the world, carried out between 1519 and 1522. It was auctioned in New York in 2012 for $ 2,770,500.

Price: $ 2,770,500.

Current price: 2,661,883 euros.

8. ‘The Indians of North America’

The North American Indian (The Indians of North America in Spanish) is a collection of 20 illustrated volumes with photographs, each accompanied by additional photo-etchings. The volumes are organized by Native American tribes and cultural areas, spanning the United States from the Great Plains to the Pacific, the west coast of Canada, and Alaska. Made by American photographer and ethnologist Edward Sheriff Curtis With photographs beginning in 1885, a total of 272 games were published between 1907 and 1929. One of them, complete, was auctioned in 2012 in New York for $ 2,882,500.

Price: $ 2,882,500.

Current price: 2,709,343 euros.

7. Ptolemy’s ‘Cosmographia’

Ptolemy, who lived between the 1st and 2nd centuries AD, was a Greek-Egyptian astronomer, astrologer, chemist, geographer, and mathematician. One of his great works is the Geographia, in which he describes the world of his time, using a latitude and longitude system that served as example to cartographers for many years. In 1477 the first printed Atlas of the world arrived using his knowledge. There are only 31 copies of this book and one of them was auctioned in London in 2006 for 2,139,000 pounds.

Price: 2,139,000 pounds.

Current price: 3,141,566 euros

The Geography of Ptolemy

The Geography of Ptolemy

6. ‘Treaty of fruit trees’

With a long list of professions associated with his name (naval engineer, physicist, jurist, botanist, chemist, agronomist, inspector general of the navy and scientific writer), the French Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau es el autor de Treaty of fruit trees (1768). Accompanying each tree with illustrations, the Gaul paid particular attention to his favorite fruit, the pear. In 2006, a copy was auctioned for $ 4,500,000.

Price: $ 4,500,000.

Current price: 4,925,851 euros

5. Francis Crick’s letter

It was March 19, 1953 and the scientist Francis Crick explained in a letter to his 12-year-old son how he and Jim Watson had discovered the molecular structure of DNA. His discoveries had not yet been published in the magazine Nature, but he related to her, excited and with drawings included, the importance of the find for which he would later obtain the Nobel (shared). The letter was auctioned in 2013 for $ 6,059,750.

Price: $ 6,059,750

Current price: 5,693,305 euros.

4. ‘The birds of America’

The Birds of America (The birds of America in Spanish) is a book by the naturalist and painter John James Audubon containing illustrations of a great variety of birds from North America. Depicted life-size, some birds take odd shapes in the drawings to fit into the fascicles that still measured a whopping 99 x 66 centimeters. The work consists of four volumes and 435 prints that were published between 1827 and 1838 for those subscribed (including King George IV of England). It was auctioned in London in December 2010 for 7,321,250 pounds.

Price: 7,321,250 pounds

Current price: 9,577,548 euros

An illustration of The Birds of America

An illustration of The Birds of America

3. ‘Liliaceae’

Liliaceae is is a picture book and descriptions botany which was edited by Pierre-Joseph Dreaded, a painter and botanist famous for his watercolors of flowers. This work, which consists of 8 bound volumes and is printed in folio size, was produced in honor of the Empress Josephine Bonaparte, benefactor and patron of the Belgian artist, and only 18 copies were printed. One of them was auctioned in 1985 for $ 5,500,000. Bronze for this scientific-artistic work.

Price: $ 5,500,000

Current price: 11,180,379 euros

2.The ‘Leicester Code’

The silver medal the most expensive scientific object falls on the Codex Leicester. Also know as Codex Hammer, It is a compilation of texts and drawings made by Leonardo Da Vinci and collected between 1508 and 1510 on a wide variety of topics including astronomy, meteorology, hydraulics, cosmology, geology, paleontology, and other technical and scientific subjects. In addition, it has some autobiographical writings and travel stories. In 1994, Bill Gates got hold of him in New York for $ 30,802,500.

Price: $ 30,802,500

Current price: 45,477,179 euros

1. Manuscript of the theory of relativity

The gold medal one of the most expensive scientific papers is taken away by a manuscript of the tEinstein’s theory of relativity. Although the theory dates from 1915, in 1943 the scientist drew up a handwritten copy with the aim of having it auctioned to obtain funds for the war. And in 1944, the Kansas City Life Insurance Company acquired it for $ 6.5 million, a staggering amount for the time. Later they would donate it to the Library of Congress of the United States. At the current rate and bearing in mind inflation, this has been the most expensive acquisition of a scientific paper to date.

Price: $ 6,500,000

Current price: 80,642,071 euros