Hemorrhoids are one of those taboo diseases in Spain: it is known that around one in two adults over 50 years of age suffer from them at least once in life, and some of them on a recurring basis. However, they are not usually one of the main reasons for medical consultation in primary care.
Your treatment can be pharmacological or not, depending on its intensity, recidivism and associated problems. However, natural remedies without drugs are usually the best option in most cases, as indicated by experts from Harvard University.
In reality, hemorrhoids are nothing more than enlarged veins around the anus. Its most common symptoms include itching and bleeding, which can cause pain and even a sensation of lump in this area when the veins have increased their diameter excessively.
Can occur internal hemorrhoids (inside the anal canal) or hemorrhoids external (outside the anus). In both cases, bleeding can occur, and in both cases they can protrude outwards and form a lump, although this is more common in external hemorrhoids. Likewise, in the latter case, it is much more common to notice the sensation of swelling, lump and discomfort.
Regarding causes of hemorrhoidsThey often develop for no apparent reason, but have been associated with chronic constipation or diarrhea; in both cases there is excessive effort or irritation with the stools, and in both cases it is necessary to sit on the toilet for longer than usual.
Although there are many theories regarding the way prevent hemorrhoids, today three basic pillars are still recommended:
– Consume enough Dietary fiber, the recommended intake being around 14 grams of fiber for every 1,000 kcal consumed in the day.
– Maintain a good hydration.
– Exercise regularly, at least 150 minutes of moderate-intense activity.
Regarding the medical treatment It will always be sought to reduce the pain and inflammation associated with hemorrhoids, either through analgesics or anti-inflammatory drugs or through creams or ointments in the same area.
On the other hand, without resorting to medical treatment, there are many other ways to relieve hemorrhoids. It is an annoying but not dangerous disease, being rare the occasion in which it requires invasive medical treatment (such as a surgical intervention in very severe cases).
On the one hand, it is advisable to take the so-called “Sitz baths”, filling a tub or using the bidet with warm (not hot) water, and sitting inside for about 10-15 minutes. To dry, it is not advisable to rub the area, and it is more advisable to do it slowly and in areas.
On the other hand, it may also be advisable to taking fiber supplements or laxatives in certain cases, in order to facilitate the evacuation of stool without effort in cases of chronic constipation, thus reducing the possibility of inflammation and bleeding from hemorrhoids. It is not indicated in any case, since there will be individuals who may suffer bloating or gas secondary to taking this type of supplement.
For its part, it is also advisable avoid postponing a bowel movement, since this would contribute to constipation. Likewise, when the evacuation of stool is carried out, in certain cases, it may be advisable to modify the posture by raising the feet on a stool to facilitate defecation (this changes the angulation of the rectum and facilitates the passage of the bundles). In addition, it would not be advisable to spend excessive time sitting on the toilet, whenever possible.
Finally, if all these remedies are not enoughIt is time to consult our reference doctor in search of pharmacological treatments, with analgesic creams or corticosteroids being the most common in these cases.