Some of the achievements made at the Institute of Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw are work for the new field of electronics (spintronics and photophysical reaction theory). This year, the department is celebrating its 60th anniversary.
On the occasion of this anniversary, the competent department of the Institute will hold an open day on Saturday, October 19. Those interested will be able to visit the laboratory and watch scientific demonstrations, including. Demonstration of light emitted by crystal or liquid helium experiment.
As part of the 60th anniversary celebration of the Institute of Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, a symposium will be held on October 17 (Thursday) to summarize the achievements of the facility and propose a vision for its further development.
IF PAN is one of the largest research institutions of the Polish Academy of Sciences. It has approximately 370 employees, including 44 full-time professors, and has provided education to more than 60 doctoral students. The staff of the Institute publishes about 700 publications and scientific papers each year, including about 350 articles in well-known international journals.
The research carried out by the institute particularly involves the following aspects: semiconductors, magnetism, quantum and molecular optics, and biophysics.
They deserve attention-said the head of the PAS professor of the Institute of Physics. Leszek Sirki-Semiconductor Research. As the professor explained, they are mainly important for the development of spintronics (a new branch of electronics). Here-instead of manipulating electrons as electric charges-the so-called particle spin. Professor Sirko is a milestone of the institute and is the work of the professor. Thomas Dietl (Tomasz Dietl), published in the weekly “Science” in 2002. “This work is the most cited work in the field of semiconductor physics in the past ten years. It has nearly 5,000 citations and opens up the prospect of building spintronic devices”-said the professor.Silko
According to the director of the PAS Institute of Physics, an important achievement is also the work of the professor. Andrzej Sobolewski’s theory on photophysical reactions. “Scientists and his colleagues have shown that basic biological structures have a universal mechanism to protect them from UV damage”-the professor points out. Silkota explained that this mechanism converts absorbed photons into harmless oscillations of atoms. These studies have led to the hypothesis about the light stability mechanism of the basic structure of organisms.
The Institute of Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences was established in 1953. “The team that established the institute included all representatives of Poland’s largest academic center,” Leszek Sirko said. He explained that the establishment of the institute, among other things, thanks to the participation of outstanding Polish professors: Stefan Pieńkowski and Albert Einstein, the founders of Polish pre-war physics. (Albert Einstein) collaborator Leopold Infeld (Leopold Infeld). Professors Marian Mięsowicz, Henryk Niewodniczański and Andrzej Sołtan also participated in the establishment of the institute.
As time passed, other departments appeared in the Institute of Cryogenics and Structures of the Polish Academy of Sciences, the Institute of High Pressure Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, and the Institute of Molecular Physics in Poznan.
Funding for this department mainly comes from public funds, including national and international research grants obtained through competitions. In 2013, the Institute of Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences executed about 100 grants, and the institute’s annual budget was approximately 60 million zlotys. Scientific activities are supplemented by invention and implementation work. In the past four years, the PAS Institute of Physics has received and applied for about 50 patents. Director Sirko said: “We look forward to the future with confidence.”
PAP-Science of Poland
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