This year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry “is a tribute to theoretical chemistry”-said the professor. Dr. Hab. Zdzisław Latajka of Wroclaw University. “This is an appreciation for chemical methods”-the scientist emphasized.
This year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to the creators of computer modeling of chemical reactions-Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel.
“I think that every one of us knows that chemistry is an experimental science-test tubes, beakers, etc. Almost no one realizes that chemistry is also a theoretical science. It is these three professors who today won the Nobel Prize for developing theoretical tools for research. Award. Chemistry”-Professor explained. Latajka, head of the theoretical modeling group for chemical processes, Department of Chemistry, University of Wroclaw.
He said that chemical reactions are usually studied experimentally, but using this standard test method, people do not know exactly how the reaction proceeds. “On the other hand, if we use mathematical instruments, that is, quantum physics, then we can accurately describe and track how chemical reactions occur (step by step).”
The professor said that the biggest achievement of the three Nobel Prize winners is that they put forward a theoretical description of chemical reactions, especially for large biological systems. He recalled that Arieh Warshel described the chemical reaction process of the environment (that is, in the aquatic environment) very well. “The chemical reaction in the gas phase is different, if it is in the aquatic environment, it is different”-he added.
Professor Latajka emphasized that scientists have won research awards many years ago, but have made significant contributions to the development of research and theoretical tools, descriptions of chemical reactions and processes. He explained: “When large chemical companies are designing new drugs, their first phase is based on preliminary studies of quantum chemistry computational methods, that is, they use computers to simulate chemical processes.”
The scientist believes that the award is well-deserved. However, he admitted that although many names are usually mentioned before the winners are announced, these surprised him. “Chemistry is an experimental science, and most of the Nobel Prize comes from experimental research. He concluded that from time to time he only agreed with the theoretical description.
PAP-Science of Poland
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