Governments, but also farmers and food producers have not been able to cope with increasing domestic food production for years. In order to saturate Slovakia, it supplies 700 fully loaded trucks daily.
VIDEO: Commentator of Truth Jozef Sedlák about why he is in shops in Slovakia little Slovak food, which we leave carbon footprint during imports and what we should learn from the Czech Republic of the Republic.
They bring fruit, vegetables, meat and dairy products or potatoes. A country that could feed a million more people than it does today, makes money for the whole of Europe. It has an annual import of four million tons of food worth 4.5 billion euros. And one more negative: the inability to feed with its own food increases the carbon footprint.
Proportion of Slovak food according to the survey of the Slovak Agricultural and the Food Chamber is rising only slowly and the situation in the food supply of Slovak origin on the shelves of retail chains does not change. Between 2014 and 2019, there was an increase of less than three percent to 40.74 percent. Such a share is the result of the survey in 45 stores of the six largest retail chains. They are namely, from the point of view of the sale of foodstuffs, it will take place in them nine out of ten Slovak purchases.
If something has changed in Slovakia in recent years, it has been media coverage of the sold products. Focus on origin food production have caused food scandals on the one hand and secondly, the government-forced issue of dual food quality. In response to the first and second topics were to be quite naturally increasing the interest of the state on agricultural policy, its focus, content quality and support not only from Brussels, but also from national sources.
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However, pragmatic solutions that would help change the situation, measured by the supply of Slovak food on the shelves, not much came. Even where Slovakia is at least self-sufficient in terms of production, it is in reality on tom poor. Note the two commodities in which the country is self-sufficient. Two Slovak sugar factories produce as much sugar as domestic consumption However, half of the sugar is exposed to imported sugar. Almost identical the situation is with eggs. Stores sell only 67 percent of Slovak eggs.
Or another, this time milky, paradox. The logic of things says it all domestic consumption should be covered by Slovak dairy farms, in fact it is only 69 percent, drinking milk is largely imported from the Czech Republic. Of course, people also want to taste foreign dairy products, but ordinary milk could be boiled from the nearest Slovak dairy. Aj the proportion of home-made cheeses and butter is low – if it falls to one third, something is not playing here.
Statistics do not shed good light on wine either, according to the survey counters only 50 percent of domestic wines. We used to be exporters wines to the Czech part of the common state. Today in the Czech Republic as if Slovak wine has fallen underground, but in Slovakia there is as much Moravian wine as there is you want. Mineral waters are a separate chapter. A country that is all over Europe cooks most blessed with springs, offering in stores only 61 percent own waters.
Everything upside down
Slovakia does not use natural, production or human potential. The flows of some goods are downright incomprehensible – this can be seen in production pork and beef. We also export the little we do at home for the most part abroad, because we either lack slaughterhouses, or there, especially for beef, they pay better to Slovak farmers. And we will bring back Irish beef, Belgian pork.
Although the production of oilseeds is flourishing in Slovakia, what about when domestic edible oils have only a 17 percent offer on the shelves. Once famous the Palma Tumys brand has faded in the eyes of farmers – once it pre-financed the cultivation of oilseed rape and its products dominated the market. What it was it was. After the sale of an employee joint stock company, the plant in Bratislava it disintegrated and the market was occupied by Hungarian and Czech products.
Or another example. After the third largest beer producer Topvare Topoľčany has only a brand left, there is a distribution warehouse from the plant. Slovak The beer market was dominated by foreign investors and the share of Czech beers from the year is growing. In this context, I often hear that Slovaks like Czechs beer that they got used to it even in the times of the common state. But until in 2002 the production of beer from Slovak breweries increased… Total production 4,850 mil. hectoliters of beer from this period will probably remain not only unsurpassed in the next decade. At least a quarter of Slovakia consumption is covered by the import of beer from Czech breweries.
The Czechs are resisting exports
The largest importer of food to Slovakia is not Poland, but the Czech Republic republic. He explained the success of Czech farmers and food producers President of the Slovak Chamber of Agriculture and Food Emil Macho by the fact that the Czechs respond to the pressure of Polish and German production by exporting their own products in Slovakia.
Why does it not wedge wedges, ie increased exports, Slovak food management? According to the President of the Slovak Food Union It is also because Stanislav Voskár is able to do Slovakia with its neighbor compete in domestic support. These are an expression not only of the Czech possibilities economy, but also the attention that the agro-industry of the government in Prague has long devote.
Voskár stated that Prague has agreed with 20 schemes, for example, with Brussels aid totaling EUR 157 million. Slovakia is moving in this direction apparently for the shorter end. Although it has agreed support for green diesel, of which farmers received 30 million euros, but food producers of the promised 12 million euros last year, only 5.1 million euros.
This, of course, to compete with better subsidized Czech competitors not enough. This is best seen with milk and dairy products. While Prague pours 18 million euros into the production and processing of milk, Slovakia just something more than one million euros. This difference is then reflected in the prices – Czech products are becoming cheaper due to more substantial support, thus more marketable in Slovak stores.
Tatra, not alpine milk
Freshness, health of the place of origin and, of course, price are key for Slovak consumers when choosing food. The idea of food in addition to the three attributes mentioned, it must also be cheap, but it is not possible skilled.
“When we buy a Slovak product, we should also see it producer, “says Marián Šolty, Vice President of Slovakia Chamber of Agriculture and Food.
“It doesn’t matter if it’s a man behind the wheel of a tractor, a dairyman, a baker, everyone one of them lives in a brick house. It has some cost of living that they are reflected in his salary and, of course, in the price of food products. These are different from those in countries where they grow sugar cane, for example. The whole a year there is heat and wages are significantly lower, “said Šolty simple an example of how price differences in sugar are born, for example.
Solty reminded that it is not possible to push the price of food unchallenged. Good fresh food costs something. The necessary costs are necessary for the manufacturer to pay. Of course, production must be efficient, at least within limits European Union. “Food imports across continents, and especially from overseas they are unbearable and become a path to climate hell, “ stressed Solty.
Brussels is pushing for greening of agriculture. By expressing this policy there is, among other things, the nitrate directive and the pressure to reduce bovine herds cattle. But a country is not like a country. Holland with huge herds cattle has pre-sintered soils, and therefore reasons to reduce abundance herds, but Slovakia, where herds have shrunk over the last 30 years more than a million animals, cattle or sheep need. We want a bryndza from Tatra, and not subsidized alpine milk. That won’t give our work people and will not guarantee the preservation of the country’s original character.