Although one of the infected has died, the Board does not find a greater mortality of this variant.

A health worker in a Covid ward of a hospital.

The Minister of Health of the Junta de Andalucía, Jesus Aguirre, confirmed this Friday that it had been detected the first case of the Ugandan variant of the coronavirus. “You have to be very cautious,” he indicated, because it is a local case.

This strain, whose first case was identified in Uganda, now appears in Andalusia from a local case. The advisor to the General Directorate of Public Health of the Board Nicola Lorusso, affirms, in conversation with EL ESPAÑOL, that: “This is not an imported case as happened with the South African strain“.

So, it was a cooperant returning from a country on the African continent who imported the Sars CoV-2 mutation to Andalusia. Now, according to Lorusso, this case “tells us that We cannot rule out that we can find more cases that may share this same variant“.

The first diagnosed case left two other people isolated by close contact. The 35-year-old man who was diagnosed this Thursday has been joined by two other men, one 51 and the other 90.

As reported by the Ministry of Health and Families, “the latter has died without this fact being attributed to a greater mortality of this strain with the rest of known variants “. As to the remaining two cases, “maintain good clinical evolution and they are in home isolation following the usual protocol for any confirmed case ”.

For his part, Lorusso indicates that the Ugandan strain “is more transmissible, and we know that it was in that country where it was first detected ”. It has been in the United Kingdom where this variant has been sequenced the most. “There it is not predominant, but in African territory it is having an expansive trend.”

In the United Kingdom, as in Andalusia, the strain that maintains the most presence is the British: “In Andalusia there are areas where the prevalence of the British variant is exceeded 80%”.

Cooperation, key

The detection of this new strain in Andalusia has been possible, according to Lorusso, thanks to the genomic sequencing work carried out in the two reference hospitals of the community: the Virgen del Rocío in Seville and the San Cecilio in Granada.

“The European Commission is promoting that the samples be increased to have more and more information on these variants.” This point is especially: “The increase in samples allows to detect and monitor the impact of new strains”, indicates Lorusso.

In this sense, Lorusso indicates that cooperation is key. The participation of professionals from different areas, from epidemiologists to bioinformaticians, allows to have a broad vision of the development of the pandemic and the different variants.

In the case of Andalusia, the community “has implemented different strategies to learn about and get closer to the reality of the circulation of variants” in the territory. In this sense, Lorusso speaks of three strains that are of special importance: “The British, the South African and the Brazilian.”

Sequencing involves “opening the instruction book that allows to see the operation of a new variant ”. That is, it allows you to see all the mutations and, depending on the genome, show the differences that allow you to categorize and characterize each mutation.

Better transmission, the virulence or the severity of the diseases they cause, makes the monitoring of these variants constant. Now the Ugandan woman joins.

“The British variant and the Ugandan variant have different mutations, but in both cases, these mutations have resulted in very high transmission“.